India is the 2nd largest steel producer in the world. Percentage of standard and certified steel produced by integrated steel plants varies from 80-90%. In secondary steel sector this percentage is low.
In India, Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is the National Standards Body, who are engaged in formulation and implementation of National Standards knows as Indian Standards. Adoption of Indian Standards or marking products to bear ISI Mark by its very nature is optional unless it is made mandatory under specific Law, Rules & Regulations. Section 16 of BIS Act, 2016 authorizes Union Government to make the use of ISI marks mandatory in the public interest.
Government has been pursuing imposition of steel quality control order for ensuring the availability of quality steel to the industry, users and public at large. During 2012-2018, Government notified 53 carbon steel, alloy steel and stainless steel products to make available quality steel for the sectors mainly in construction, infrastructure, automobile and engineering applications. Vide Gazette Notification dated 12th March, 2012, Ministry of Steel had notified two Quality Control orders namely: Steel and Steel Products (Quality Control) Order, 2012 and Steel and Steel Products (Quality Control) Second Order, 2012. In the first order 7 Standards and in the second order 9 products (one product later withdrawn) were notified and now these products require mandatory Certification. Later on 18th December, 2015, Ministry of Steel notified 15 more products vide order namely Steel and Steel Products (Quality Control) Order, 2015. This covers the major flat and long products to ensure safety & security of infrastructure & engineering products made of steel. Further, Government issued another quality control order namely Stainless Steel Products (Quality Control) Order, 2016, dated 10th June, 2016 covering thereby 3 categories of stainless steel products covered under 3 Indian Standards.
Later, Ministry of Steel merged all the previous steel quality control orders and added 15 new standards into a single order notified on 13th August, 2018, namely ; Steel and Steel Products (Quality Control) Order, 2018 covering thereby 53 steel products. The order Steel and Steel Products (Quality Control) Order, 2018 may be seen at the link given below.