Investment Facilitation & Make in India
- India is currently the world’s 2nd largest producer of crude steel in January- December, 2019, producing 111.245 Million tonnes (MT) (provisional) crude steel with growth rate 1.8% over the corresponding period last year (CPLY).
- India is the largest producer of Direct Reduced Iron (DRI) or Sponge Iron in the world in January – December, 2019, producing 36.86 Million Tonnes Sponge Iron with growth rate 7.7% over the corresponding period last year (CPLY).
- The country is also likely to become the 2nd largest consumer of finished steel in 2019, preceded by China as the largest steel consumer (2019: 900mt) as per the Short-range Outlook, October, 2019 edition of World Steel Association
- Capacity for domestic crude steel production expanded from 109.85 Million Tonnes Per Annum (MTPA) in 2014-15 to 142.24 MTPA in 2018-19, Compounded Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 6.8% during this five-year period.
- Crude steel production grew at 7.6% annually (CAGR) from 88.98 MTPA in 2014-15 to 110.92 MTPA in 2018-19.
- During April – December, 2019 (provisional; source: JPC), the following is the industry scenario as compared to same period of last year:
- Production of crude steel was at 82.192 Million Tonnes, up by 0.4%. SAIL, RINL, TSL, Essar, JSWL & JSPL together produced 46.752 Million Tonnes with a share of 57% and down by 0.4%. The rest 35.44 Million Tonnes came from the Other Producers, up by 1.5%.
- With an 81% share, the Private Sector, producing 66.85 Million Tonnes, (up by 1.2%) led crude steel production compared to the 19% contribution of the PSUs.
- Pig iron production was 4.314 Million Tonnes, down by 14.3%. The Private Sector accounted for 88% of the same, the rest 12% being the share of the Public Sector
- In case of total finished steel (non-alloy + alloy/stainless):
- Production stood at 76.33 Million Tonnes, a growth of 1.8%.
- Exports stood at 6.52 Million Tonnes, up by 39.4%
- Imports stood at 5.51 Million tonnes, down by 6.7%.
- India was a net exporter of total finished
- Consumption stood at 75.05 Million Tonnes, a growth of 3.8%.
- Setting up of Project Development Cell (PDC) for Attracting Investment in India
Ministry of Steel has set up a Project Development Cell to facilitate and attract investment in the steel sector. PDC will act as a single point of contact for prospective investors. PDC will also focus on reaching out to prospective investors and facilitate the investors during the various stages of investment process. Smt Rasika Choube, Additional Secretary in the Ministry of Steel is the Nodal Officer of PDC. Her official telephone number is : 011-23063170
2 INVESTING IN INDIAN STEEL SECTOR- MAKE IN INDIA INITIATIVES:
The following are some of the major factors which will boost the demand of steel in India and reasons to invest in Indian steel sector:
- The Union Cabinet has given its approval for National Steel Policy (NSP) 2017 on 08.05.2017. The new Steel Policy enshrines the long term vision of the Government to give impetus to the steel sector. It seeks to enhance domestic steel consumption and ensure high quality steel production and create a technologically advanced and globally competitive steel industry. The policy projects crude steel capacity of 300 million tonnes (MT), production of 255 MT and seeks to increase per capita steel consumption to the level of 160 Kgs by 2030 from existing level of around 60 Kg and major segments of consumptions are infrastructure, automobiles and housing sectors. The policy also envisages to domestically meet the entire demand of high grade automotive steel, electrical steel, special steels and alloys for strategic applications and increase domestic availability of washed coking coal so as to reduce import dependence on coking coal from about 85% to around 65% by 2030-31.
- A Mega Conclave held on ‘Capital Goods for Steel Sector: Manufacture in India’ in Bhubaneswar on Oct 23rd, 2018 involving relevant Central Ministries and State Govts, Global technology providers & World Steel Association, Indian Capital goods manufacturers and major Indian Steel Companies, R&D institution/ IIT, with MECON as the knowledge partner to promote domestic manufacturing of capital goods for steel sector in India in the wake of opportunities emanating from NSP-2017. Several MoUs were signed for technology collaboration in various areas of Iron & Steel industry and also for manufacture of capital goods for the steel sector in India
- The Union Cabinet has approved the policy for providing preference to domestically manufactured iron & steel products on Government procurement. The policy provides preference to Domestically Manufactured Iron & Steel Products (DM1&SP), in Government Procurement for specified steel products having minimum value addition of 15%.The policy has been recently revised and gazetted on 29th May 2019 by incorporating purchase preference in capital goods for steel sector, in accordance with the guideline issued by Department of Promotion of Industry & Internal Trade (DPIIT). By this process, the scope of the policy has been enlarged to cover entire range of iron and steel products (under Chapter 72 & 73) and capital goods for manufacturing iron and steel products. Now the requirement of domestic value addition has been changed from 15% to a range 15-50% depending upon the indigenous capability and capacity to manufacture a particular product. It is expected that the policy change with indigenous value addition criterion against each product, shall give impetus to indigenous manufacturing through widening of manufacturing base, sharing of know-how, product development as well as technological transfer by way of multi-lateral collaboration. This will also encourage foreign technology providers and critical steel plant manufacturers to set up manufacturing facilities in India
- ChintanShivir: Towards a Vibrant, Efficient and Globally Competitive Indian Steel Sector
The Chintan Shivir event held on 23rd Sept. 2019 at New Delhi &was conceptualized with a clear theme in line with the vision and objectives “Towards a Vibrant, Efficient and Globally Competitive Indian Steel Sector” and involved participation from over 900 participants across Government (Centre, State), CPSEs, private sector, research institutes, consulting and banking sectors. The brief is as under:
- Domestic Capacity Expansion with Special Reference to Secondary Steel Sector: The secondary steel sector in India currently contributes over 40% of the total capacity and it will need to play a crucial role for India to reach 300 MT capacity. This discussion thus aimed to identify challenges to capacity expansion in the country with a special focus on secondary steel and to correspondingly discuss on suggestions on alleviating these
- Demand Generation: Despite being the 3rd largest steel consumer in the world, India has per capita steel consumption that is only one third of the world’s average. This session therefore aimed to discuss, deliberate and identify suggestions to increase the per capita consumption of steel in the country.
- High Grade Steel Production: Despite being a small share of imports by quantity, alloy and stainless steel contribute disproportionately to the import bill by value. Hence, this session delved into intriguing challenges for the special steel sector and outlined potential suggestions to enable India to emerge as a key player in high grade steel
- Weblink of consolidated procurement projections for the next five year has been created as under:-